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Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction by A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham

By A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham

Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.

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We can extend the narrative similarities beyond the personae of the conquerors. In more general ways the sources echo each other and reveal comparable values, comparable modes of thought. One of the most striking phenomena is what can only be termed a sanitization of the military carnage. Both Cortés and Alexander led forces which were technically superior to anything they encountered. The firearms, crossbows, plate armour, and Toledo steel of the conquistadors were set against the obsidian clubs and quilted cotton armour of their Indian adversaries, while Alexander found nothing to match the six-metre long sarisae of his Macedonian phalanx or the discipline of mass engagement which he and his father had inculcated.

Díaz, ch. 173: Maudslay iv. 368–73; Gómara in Simpson 1965: 335–7. 43 Strabo 15. 1. ; cf. 15. 2. 5 (722). Arr. 6. 24. 1 confirms, stating that Nearchus alone alleged that Alexander made the journey in full knowledge of its difficulties. The parallels for the construction (toıto mvn used resumptively), particularly 7. 14. 7 and Ind. 10. 8–9, show that the whole preceding clause is to be understood, including the negative; Nearchus did not, as has been often argued, state that Alexander acted in ignorance of the route.

29. 4 is taken literally, there were also admissions of Persian nobles into the infantry guard (agema). 83 Arr. 6. 30. 2–3; 7. 6. 3; Diod. 19. 14. 5. Cf. Bosworth 1980b: 12; Hamilton 1988: 475–6. 84 See the discussion of Michael Flower, below, pp. 107–15, 123–5. 85 These claims to empire originated early. Our sources depict him representing himself as the proper king of Asia immediately after the battle of Issus in late 333,86 and he had the mythological justification in that Perses, the supposed eponymous hero of the Persians, was the son of Perseus, Alexander’s own remote ancestor.

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