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Alexander Histories and Iranian Reflections: Remnants of by Parivash Jamzadeh

By Parivash Jamzadeh

Alexander the Great's army crusade to overcome the Achaemenid empire incorporated a propaganda crusade to persuade the Iranians his kingship was once appropriate with their spiritual and cultural norms. This crusade proved such a success that the overt exhibit of Alexander's Iranian and Zoroastrian personal tastes alienated a few of his Greek and Macedonian allies. Parivash Jamzadeh indicates how this unique propaganda fabric displayed a number of layers of Iranian affects. also she demonstrates that the studied resources don't continually provide a correct account of the modern Iranian customs, and sometimes integrated historic inaccuracies. probably the most attention-grabbing unearths during this research is the confusion of ancient resources that arose among the competitors Darius III and Alexander. Jamzadeh argues that the Iranian propaganda concerning Alexander the nice has contributed to this confusion.

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XII; Arrian II. XIV. 1; Curtius IV. I. 7, IV. V. ; Diodorus XVII. 54. 1–6. 104 Curtius IV. XV. ; Diodorus XVII. 59. 5 f. 105 Curtius IV. XV. 10–11. , IV. XIV. 22–23. 107 Arrian III. 14. 5–6. 108 Plutarch, Alexander 32. 3. the plight of the achaemenid royal women 27 towards the point on Darius’ mother preferring Alexander’s prison to a chance to escape. This would seem to be another calculated propaganda effort built into the reports on Alexander’s campaigns. 109 It is interesting that neither Curtius nor Diodorus report anything about the reactions of Darius’ daughters, who presumably would have been at the same place.

Hence 111 Curtius V. II. 17–22. 112 Diodorus XVII. 67. 1. 113 E. Porada, The Art of Ancient Iran, New York, 1965, Fig. 43. 114 P. Jamzadeh, “The Achaemenid Throne-leg Design”, Iranica Antiqua XXXI, 1996, 101–146. 115 Herodotus 9. 109. 116 Plutarch, Themistocles 29. 4; Athenaeus V. 179 b, XII. 545 e; Xenophon, Hellenica IV. 1. 30; Briant 2002, 206, 300, 747. 117 Cf. Briant 2002, 285. 118 Curtius V. III. 12. , V. III. 3 f. the plight of the achaemenid royal women 29 he dispatches thirty men pleading for mercy.

81 In this meeting, the merging of the two identities of Darius and Alexander, on the one hand, and that of Alexander and Hephaestion, on the other hand, is noteworthy. It is tempting to see a sly hand placing two layers of two versions of the same story together. The presence of Hephaestion in this meeting is not necessary. It is unclear why he accompanies Alexander there, which only serves to create confusion and have Sisigambis do obeisance twice. The crucial point of the meeting, however, is her honouring Alexander as Darius’ heir—who himself is still alive while his son and heir is also present in the scene.

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