By Scott Andrew Shane
In the course of my tenure at Cornell University's Entrepreneur In place of dwelling, i discovered Scott Shane's booklet to be a precious source choked with information and perception.
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Extra info for Academic Entrepreneurship: University Spinoffs and Wealth Creation (New Horizons in Entrepreneurship Series,)
The amount of money needed to do this on a commercial scale far exceeds what you’re likely to get from granting agencies or by gifts or grants from industry to do it. Part of the reason why founding a university spinoff is an effective way to raise money for the development of a technology, particularly in the biological sciences, is that the process of obtaining a large sum of money for research by founding a company is quite similar to the process for obtaining a large sum of money for research from a granting agency.
During World War II, the federal government provided to academic departments, particularly those in engineering, with large amounts of money to support research to aid the war effort. This acceleration in funding meant that American public universities, which were once funded largely by their state governments and, in some cases, the federal government’s Department of Agriculture, began to see a significant amount of direct federal government funding of research, particularly in academic departments that had previously not received large amounts of external funding (Mowery and Sampat, 2001b).
University spinoffs also help universities to attract and retain faculty by supplementing faculty compensation. Furthermore, spinoffs facilitate the training of students by providing professors with knowledge of the commercial development of technology, which is valuable to students who are more likely to make commercial use of technology than to make academic use of it. Fourth, university spinoffs are high performing companies. Research has shown that that university spinoffs are more likely than the average start-up to experience an initial public offering, to raise venture capital and to survive over time.