By Ellen Meiksins Wood
The 16th and 17th centuries observed the increase of capitalism and the fashionable countryside, the institution of an more and more foreign economic system, and the beginnings of recent colonialism. It used to be a turbulent time, marked through innovative advancements in tradition and faith, social clash, political upheaval, and civil struggle. It was once additionally an age of passionate debate and radical innovation in political concept and perform. Many modern political ideologies and concepts—ideas of the country, civil society, estate, and person rights, to call a few—can hint their ancestry to this era.
Illuminating the roots of latest Western political inspiration, A Trumpet of Sedition surveys canonical texts by means of well-known thinkers comparable to Thomas extra, Richard Hooker, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke, radicals just like the Levellers and Gerrard Winstanley and different much less renowned yet vital figures. In transparent and full of life prose, whereas situating them of their social and political context in new and unique methods and contrasting the English case to others in Europe. through reading political principles no longer in basic terms as free-floating abstractions yet as dwelling encounters with the historic experience—the formation of the English country and the increase of agrarian capitalism—A Trumpet of Sedition illuminates the roots of up to date Western political suggestion.
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Extra info for A Trumpet of Sedition: Political Theory and the Rise of Capitalism, 1509-1688
Chapter 9 describes how elite colleges compromised with these forces while trying to roll them back. Setting the Record Straight 27 Part III, a concluding essay, sees student aid as an evolving social and political system, with weaknesses but also possibilities for the future. It ends by proposing government and campus action that will make advantaged institutions more open to disadvantaged people—not by stepping outside history but by tapping into past experience. 2 Aid in History: Who Got It, What Shaped It The Reach of Student Aid The history of the reach of student aid involves two sets of questions.
In the expanding big cities of the early twentieth century, demand surged for local colleges—but many colleges were not located in big cities. The result is that through most of American history, college capacity exceeded demand. This was particularly important for colleges that did not enjoy fat endowments or state subsidies. 18 The link between precarious enrollments and financial aid has continued into our own time. In the late 1980s and 1990s, more than half of public four-year colleges and some 60 percent of private ones accepted at least three in four of their applicants.
They would, likewise, produce a less diverse student body, socially and racially. 34 Aid-supported diversity, in other words, is not just an ideological and educational value; it has become a market asset too. For a nationally visible college to look too socially exclusive or “lily white” would, over the long term, be to risk economic punishment as well as political opprobrium. In their own way, top colleges are part of a market system. Private and Public In spite of the market element, much of the aid deployed by private colleges comes from government.